The effect of non-metallic inclusion size and orientation on tensile properties of stainless steel (simulation and experiment)

  • Peyman Ahmadian Metallic Material Research Center (MMRC), Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
  • Mahdi Taghizadeh Metallic Material Research Center (MMRC), Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: non-metallic inclusion, stainless steel, stress concentration factor, finite element analysis, electro-slag remelting

Abstract

In this study, the effect of non-metallic inclusions (NMIs) on tensile behavior of titanium stabilized Fe-20Cr-9Ni steel was investigated. The size of NMIs was decreased via the electro-slag remelting (ESR) process. JK-inclusion rating method revealed that the studied steel consisted of D-type (square-shaped) inclusions. According to energy dispersive spectroscopy, it was determined that the appeared inclusions in the matrix of the titanium stabilized Fe-20Cr-9Ni steel is predominantly titanium nitride (TiN). As a result of the ESR process, excellent improvement in the tensile properties of the studied steel was observed. Subsequently, the effect of inclusion size (d = 5, 10, 25, 50 µm) and orientation (α = 0, 45°) on stress concentration factor around the non-metallic inclusion and metallic matrix was simulated. The result of finite element analysis indicated that, for both square (α = 0 °) and rhombus (α = 45°) shape inclusions, increasing inclusion size has resulted in high-stress concentration factor during plastic deformation. On the other hands, generated Mises stress field around the non-metallic inclusion presented that, for the same inclusion size, rhombus (α = 45°) shape inclusion is more susceptible to homogenous deformation in comparison with square (α = 0°) one.

References

D. Llewellyn, R. Hudd, Steels: Metallurgy Applications, Elsevier, USA, 1998.

V.S. Hristov, K. Yoshida: Procedia Manuf, 15, 341 (2018).

Crossref

J.I. Barraza-Fierro, B. Campillo-Illanes, X. Li, H. Castaneda: Metall Mater Trans A, 45 (2014) 3981.

Crossref

S. Sun, A. Zhao: Mater Sci Technol, 34, (2018) 347.

Crossref

M. Beltran‐Zuñiga, J. González‐Velázquez, D. Rivas‐López, H. Dorantes‐Rosales, F. Hernández‐Santiago: Fatigue Fract Eng M, 41 (2018) 749.

Crossref

Z. Cui, G.-h. Zhu, W.-m. MAO: J Iron Steel Res Int, 20 (2013) 66.

Crossref

B.R. Kumar: J Mater Sci, 45 (2010) 2598.

Crossref

A.L. Vasconcellos da Costa e Silva: J MATER Sci Technol, 8 (2019) 2408.

Crossref

C.-b. Shi, X.-c. Chen, H.-j. Guo: Metall Mater Trans B, 19 (2012) 295.

Crossref

R. Arreola-Herrera, A. Cruz-Ramírez, J.E. Rivera-Salinas, J.A. Romero-Serrano, R.G. Sánchez-Alvarado: Theor Appl Fract Mec, 94 (2018) 134.

Crossref

S. Henschel, S. Dudczig, L. Krüger, C. Aneziris: Procedia Structural Integrity 2 (2016) 358.

Crossref

I. Dugic, R. Berndt, S. Josefsson, M. Hedström, Non-metallic Inclusion and Their Effect on Fatigue Strength for Case-Hardened Carbon Steel in Gears TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Springer, USA, 2018.

Crossref

J. Guan, L. Wang, C. Zhang, X. Ma: Tribol Int, 106 (2017) 123.

Crossref

D. Krewerth, T. Lippmann, A. Weidner, H. Biermann: Int J Fatigue, 84 (2016) 40.

Crossref

N. Ånmark, A. Karasev, P. Jönsson: Materials, 8 (2015) 751.

Crossref

A.C. e Silva: Rare Metals, 25 (2006) 412.

Crossref

A. Pribulová, P. Futaš, M. Bartošová: Key Eng Mater, 635 (2015) 112.

Crossref

S.-j. Li, G.-g. Cheng, Z.-q. Miao, L. Chen, X.-y. Jiang: Int J Min Met Mater, 26 (2019) 291.

Crossref

J. Burja, F. Tehovnik, M. Godec, J. Medved, B. Podgornik, R. Barbič: J Min Metall B. 54, 51 (2018).

Crossref

S. Ahmadi, H. Arabi, A. Shokuhfar, A. Rezaei: J Mater Sci Technol 25, 592 (2009).

Link

A. Pribulová, P. Futáš, A. Kmita, D. Márasová, M. Holtzer: Arch Metall Mater, 62 (2017) 181.

Crossref

L. Zhen, C.-j. Liu, S. Qun, M.-f. Jiang: J Iron Steel Res Int International, 22 (2015) 104.

Crossref

Y. Chen, X. Dai, X. Chen, B. Yang: Mater Charact, 149 (2019) 74.

Crossref

S. Jones, K. Williams, Titanium-Stabilized Stainless Steels as Alternative Partial Denture Casting Alloys Proceedings of the First International Conference on Interfaces in Medicine and Mechanics, Dordrecht, Netherland, 1989, pp. 342-358.

Crossref

E. Bailey, N.M. Ray, A.L. Hector, P. Crozier, W.T. Petuskey, P.F. McMillan: Materials, 4 (2011) 1747.

Crossref

Hibbitt, Karlsson, Sorensen: ABAQUS/Explicit: user's manual, Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorenson Incorporated, USA, 1998.

G. Jeanmaire, M. Dehmas, A. Redjaïmia, S. Puech, G. Fribourg: Mater Charact, 98 (2014) 193.

Crossref

Published
2020-04-16
Section
Modeling and simulation in metallurgical and materials engineering