Nickel production in Serbia-technological and environmental aspects
Demand for nickel is constantly growing due to the versatility of its application, at the first place for stainless steel production. Ore reserves and possibility of nickel production of today’s Serbia and in neighboring countries were thoroughly investigated, and presented work is part of a wider project of sublimation of scientific and professional experience in the field of nickel extractive metallurgy on domestic raw materials. Presented research explores the possibility of high pressure sulfuric acid leaching of Serbian lateritic ores from localities Rudjinci, Ba and Lipovac. All three investigated ore deposits behaved differently both during preparation and during hydrometallurgical treatment. As optimal method for ore preparation proved to be crushing-milling-sieving route, but without possibility of concentrate production. Only for Rudjinci ore deposit achieved leaching efficiency reached satisfactory level of 95%. Within presented paper flow-sheet is proposed for processing high-magnesium laterite ores, with iron and magnesium oxide Both could be recirculated and used again in technological process; MgO for iron precipitation and SO2 for production of leaching agent, sulfuric acid. Final decision on the sustainability of the process will be made according to techno-economic and environmental evaluation. Estimated overall impact of the project implementation on the environment is negative.
L. Rezende, Chronology of science, Fact on File, Inc., New York, 2006.
Nickel-Based Super Alloys, http://www.insg.org/%5Cdocs%5CINSG_Insight_20
Where & Why Nickel is Used, http://www.nickelinstitute.org/NickelUseInSociety/
Nickel: production, usage and price http://www.insg.org/prodnickel.aspx
D. Vučurović, Modern and Promising State of Capacity for the Production of Nickel from Oxide Ores, 1st Yugoslav Symposium of non-ferrous Metallurgy, Belgrade, 1974, 225-269.
D. Vučurović, Tehnika 12 (1974) 2119-2125.
N. Radović, Ž. Kamberović, D. Panias, CI&CEQ 15(1) (2009) 1-4.
J.S. Graunman, T. Say, Adv. Mater. Processes 157(3) (2000) 25-29.
Dr. Ashok D. Dalvi; Dr. W. Gordon Bacon; Mr. Robert C. Osborne, The Past and the Future of Nickel Laterites , PDAC 2004 International Convention, Trade Show & Investors Exchange March 7-10, 2004
S. Stopić, B. Friedrich, R. Fuchs, Metalurgija-Journal of Metallurgy 8 (3) (2002) 235-244.
D. Vučurović, Ž. Kamberović, Metallurgija-Journal of Metallurgy, 4 (1) (1998) 11-17.
R. Vračar, S. Stopić, Ž. Kamberović, Metalurgija-Journal of Metallurgy, 7 (1) (2001) 35-45.
Kamberovic Z., Vucurovic D.,Technology Selection for Nickel Production and Basic Environmental Impact Assessment, Mineral Resources of Nickel in Serbia and Impact on the Environment, Serbia, 2014
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their published articles online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website, social networks like ResearchGate or Academia), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.