Experimental investigation on impact energy of friction stir welded aluminum and copper dissimilar joint using full factorial method
Keywords:friction stir welding; aluminum-copper; impact energy; full factorial analysis.
This research work carried out friction stir welding (FSW) of dissimilar aluminum AA3003-H12 and copper C12200-H01, with wide application in the refrigeration and heat exchanger industry. The main aim of this study is to investigate the influence of process parameters, i.e. pin type (PT), weld speed (WS), rotational speed (RPM), and shoulder diameter (SD) on impact energy (IE) of Al-Cu welded joint. The experimental study used the full factorial method with mixed levels of process parameters. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) determines the significance of process parameters on impact energy. The results of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) shows that rotational speed (RPM) is the most influential process parameter contributing to the impact energy (IE) of dissimilar Al-Cu weld joint. The response optimizer tool in Minitab 18 software gives optimum weld conditions of process parameters for better weld performance. The FSW experiment with a tapered pin, weld speed of 16 mm/min, rotational speed of 1120 rpm, and shoulder diameter of 22.5 mm obtained the maximum impact energy value of 6.5367 J. The fine-grain recrystallization formed intermetallic compounds in the stir zone (SZ). These intermetallic compounds give a maximum microhardness of 382.24 Hv (0.1). The microstructure analysis of the stir zone (SZ) shows an equiaxed grain structure on the Cu side, while the Al side shows a fine recrystallized grain structure.
Çam, V. Javaheri, A. Heidarzadeh: Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, (2022) 1-33.
Çam, G. Ipekoğlu: Int J Adv Manuf Technol, 91 (2017) 1851-1866.
Çam, G. Ipekoğlu, H. Tarık Serindag: Sci. Technol. Weld Join, 19 (2014) 715-720.
Küçükömeroğlu, S.M. Aktarer, G. Ipekoğlu, G. Çam: Materials Testing, 60 (2018) 1163-1170.
Küçükömeroğlu, S.M. Aktarer, G. Ipekoğlu, G. Çam: International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials, 25 (2018) 1457-1464.
Çam, S. Mistikoglu, M. Pakdil: Weld J, 88 (2009) 225-232.
G. Shinde, S. Gajghate, P. S. Dabeer, C. Y. Seemikeri: Materials Today: Proceedings, 4 (2017) 8901-8910.
J. Ashok Raj, H.N. Shridhar Murthy, L. Arulmani, H. Santosh Kumar: Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, (2020).
W. Winarto, M. Anis, B.E. Febryansyah, In: MATEC Web of Conferences. Eds.: Anis, M., Munir, B., IIW 2018, 01001.
K. P. Mehta, V. J. Badheka: Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 80 (2015) 2073-2082.
N. Sharma, A.N. Siddiquee, Z.A.Khan, M.T.Mohammed: Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 33 (2017), 786-794.
S. Shankar, P. Vilaça, P. Dash, S. Chattopadhyaya, S. Hloch: Measurement, 146 (2019) 892-902.
P. Dabeer, G. Shinde: Materials Today: Proceedings, 5 (2018) 13166-13176.
T. Chen: Journal of Materials Science, 44 (2009) 2573-2580.
W. Safeen, S. Hussain, A. Wasim, M. Jahanzaib, H. Aziz, H. Abdalla: International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 87 (2016) 1765-1781.
S. Dharani Kumar, S. Senthil Kumar: Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, 23 (2019) 59-63.
A. A. Nia, A. Shirazi: International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials, 23 (2016) 799-809.
A. K. Lakshminarayanan, V. Balasubramanian, M. Salahuddin : Journal of Iron and Steel Research International, 17 (2010) 68-74.
K. Karthick, S. Malarvizhi, V. Balasubramanian, S. A. Krishnan, G. Sasikala, S. K. Albert: Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 50 (2018) 116-125.
W. Zhou, K.G. Chew, H. Abdalla: Materials Science and Engineering A, 347 (2003) 180-185.
L. Y. Jiang Qinglei, Wang Juan , Zhang Lei : Bull. Mater. Sci.,34 (2011) 161-167.
N. K. Randy Chiong, Sumaiya Islam, Edwin Tchan: IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 495 (2019) 1-9.
A. Choudhary, M. Kumar, D. R. Unune: Construction and Building Materials, 228 (2019) 116725-11672.
P. Yayla, E. Kaluc, K. Ural: Materials & Design, 28 (2007) 1898-1906.
U. Das, V. Toppo: Mater Today: Proc, 5 (2018) 6170-6175.
V. Balaguru, Balasubramanian, Visvalingam, P. Sivakumar: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 29 (2020) 186-194.
K.G. Krishna, A. Devaraju, B. Manichandra: International Journal of Nanotechnology and Applications, 11 (2017) 285-291.
J. Verma, R. Taiwade, C. Reddy, R. K. Khatirkar: Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 33 (2018) 308-314.
G. Shinde, R. Arakerimath: Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 235 (2021) 1555-1564.
A. Mahdianikhotbesara, M.H. Sehhat, M. Hadad: Metallogr Microstruct Anal, 10 (2021) 458-473.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Gurunath Shinde, Rachayya Arakerimath
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their published articles online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website, social networks like ResearchGate or Academia), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.