Synthesis of holmium orthoferrite nanoparticles by the co-precipitation method at high temperature

  • Nguyen Anh Tien Faculty of Chemistry, Ho Chi Minh City University of Education, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
  • Truong Chi Hien Ho Chi Minh City University of Education, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
  • Bùi Xuân Vương Faculty of Pedagogy in Natural Sciences, Sai Gon University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
Keywords: HoFeO3; nanoparticles; magnetic properties; co-precipitation.

Abstract

Holmium orthoferrite HoFeO3 nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple co-precipitation method via the hydrolysis of Ho (III) and Fe (III) cations in boiling water with 5% aqueous ammonia solution. After annealing the precipitate at 750 and 850 °C for 1 hour, the single-phase HoFeO3 product formed with particle size < 50 nm. The synthesized nanopowders are paramagnetic materials with remanent magnetization Mr < 0.01 emu·g-1, the coercive force Hc = 20÷21 Oe, and magnetization Ms ~ 2.73 emu·g-1 at 300 K in a maximum field of 16,000 Oe.

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Published
2021-06-11
Section
Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications