Chalcopyrite leaching in acid media: a review

  • Grozdanka D. Bogdanović University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty in Bor, Vj 12, P. O. Box 50, 19210 Bor, Serbia
  • Sanja Petrović Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor, Zeleni Bulevar 35, 19210 Bor, Serbia
  • Miroslav Sokić Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials, Franchet d’Esperey Boulevard 86, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Milan M. Antonijević University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty in Bor, Vj 12, P. O. Box 50, 19210 Bor, Serbia

Abstract

In the modern practice of copper production, more and more attention is paid to the possibility of treating low-percentage sulfide ores that cannot be treated with conventional procedures (crushing, grinding, flotation). In addition to this, the processes of obtaining copper from complex sulfide concentrates, which cannot undergo pyrometallurgical processing, are increasingly being investigated. Extraction of copper from such raw materials is in most cases achieved by applying leaching procedures.

Since chalcopyrite (CuFeS2) is by far the most abundant copper sulfide mineral, a large portion of the research is focused on studying the behavior of chalcopyrite in the leaching process, because processes of copper extraction from increasingly poor raw materials may be created using results of these studies. In addition, the main objective of this research is examining the kinetics and mechanism of chalcopyrite oxidation under the influence of various oxidants (O2, Fe3 +, H2O2, chlorate ions, etc.) and at the same time obtaining data necessary for the development of copper production process that could satisfy increasingly stringent technological, economic and environmental criteria.

The paper presents the existing knowledge of the chalcopyrite leaching procedure and phenomena that accompany chalcopyrite oxidation in acidic sulfate and chloride solutions.

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Published
2020-07-22
Section
Hydrometallurgical operations and processes