Solvent extraction and entrainment problem

  • Aleksandar M. Spasic Instirute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials, Belgrade
  • Vaso Manojlovic Department of Technology & Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Mica Jovanovic Department of Technology & Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: solvent extraction; entrainment problems; nanoscience; nanorheology; electrocoalescence; electroviscoelasticity; breaking of emulsions; double emulsions

Abstract

Applications of solvent extraction operations and processes play one of the most important roles in Hydrometallurgy. Therefore, in this brief review, some general concepts for selected representative applications are discussed. Also, one particular entrainment problem solution is discussed in some more details. At first, the selected general concepts for metal production of copper and uranium from their ores are presented. Then after, the leaching-solvent extraction-electro winning process for copper is shown. Finally, the extraction of uranium from wet phosphoric acid is discussed.

References

U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries, January 2020, COPPER,

Link , Accessed 25 June 2020.

International copper study group "The world copper factbook 2019"

Link , Accessed 25 June 2020.

World Nuclear Association, "Nuclear Power in France", (Updated March 2020),

Link Accessed 25 June 2020.

T. Smolinski1, D. Wawszczak, A. Deptula, W. Lada, T. Olczak, M. Rogowski, M. Pyszynska, A.G. Chmielewski; J Radioanal Nucl Chem, 314 (2017) 69-75.

Crossreff

M.C. Ruiz, J. Risso, J. Seguel, R. Padilla: Minerals Engineering, 146 (2020) 1-7.

Crossreff

A.M. Spasic: Rheology of Emulsions - electrohydrodynamics principles, Academic Press-Elsevier, London, 2018.

J-P. Hsu, A.M. Spasic: Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresis, CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton London New York, 2010.

Crossreff

A.M. Spasic, J-P. Hsu (Eds.): Finely Dispersed Particles - Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering, CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton London New York, 2005.

Crossreff

M.D. Babic, A.M. Spasic, M.M. Marinko, N.N. Djokovic: Uranium in Phosphoric Fertilizers and Possibility of Its Elimination, Book LXXII SANU, Belgrade, 1993.

A.M. Spasic In: A.V. Delgado (Ed.): Interfacial Elektrocinetics and Elektrophoresis, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York Basel, 2002, Ch. 30, p. 837.

R. Stevanovic In: A.M. Spasic (Ed.): Visefazni disperzni sistemi, ITNMS-Akademija, Belgrade, 1997, Ch. 3, p. 119. In Serbian.

A.M. Spasic In: :A.M. Spasic (Ed.): Visefazni disperzni sistemi, ITNMS-Akademija, Belgrade, 1997, Ch. 1, p. 1. In Serbian.

V. Pavasovic, R. Stevanovic, J. Prochazka, In: International Solvent Extraction Conference, Munchen, Germany, 1986, Vol. III, p. 107.

J.H. Holmes, A.C. Schafer: CEP, 52 (1956) 201-204.

Crossreff

R. Siebenhofer, R. Marr, In: International Solvent Extraction Conference, Munchen, Germany, 1986, Vol. III, p. 281.

A. Moral, G. Cordero, J.M. Josa In: 2nd International Congress on Phosphoric Compounds, Boston, Massachusets, USA, 1979, p. 693.

M.D. Babic, et al., In: 9thInternational Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic, 1987, p. D 3.70.

D. Negoicic, N. Djokovic, A. Spasic, M. Babic, A, Tolic In: Proc. 2nd Yugoslav Congress on Chemical Engineering and Process Technique, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, 1987, p. 269.

J.E. Lawver: Minn Eng, 7 (1962) 46-51.

M.D. Babic, A.M. Spasic, M.M. Marinko, N.N. Djokovic In: B. Merkel, S. Hurst, E.P. Lohnert, W. Struckmeier, Eds. Geophysical Congress, Uranium-Mining and Hydrogeology, Bergakademie-Freiberg, Sachsen, Verlag Sven von Loga, Keln, Germany, 1995, p. 9.

A.M. Spasic, N.N. Djokovic, N. Canic, M.D. Babic, A.S. Tolic In: 9th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic, 1987, p. D 3.72.

A.M. Spasic, N.N. Djokovic, M.D. Babic In: 4th Mediteranean Congress on Chemical Engineering, Barcelona, Spain, 1987, p. 372.

A.M. Spasic, N.N. Djokovic, M.D. Babic, G.N. Jovanovic In: 11th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic, 1993, p. D9 23.

A.M. Spasic, N.N. Djokovic, M.D. Babic, G.N. Jovanovic In: 11th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic, 1993, p. D9 24.

A.M. Spasic, N.N. Djokovic, N. Canic, M.D. Babic In: International Solvent Extraction Conference, Moscow, Rusia, 1988, Vol IV, p 227.

J.C. Godfrey, C. Hanson, M.J. Slater, Sh. Tharmalingam: AIChE Symp.Ser. 74 (1978) 127-133.

J.C. Godfrey: The Formation of Liquid-Liquid Dispersions-Chemical and Engineering Aspects-Flow Phenomena of Liquid-Liquid Dispersions in Process Equipment, Inst of Chem Eng, London, 1984.

T.C. Lo, M. Baird, C. Hanson (Eds.): Handbook of solvent extraction, Wiley, New York, 1983.

A.M. Spasic: Chem Eng Sci, 47 (1992) 3949-3957.

Crossreff

S. Hartland, S.M. Wood: AIChE J, 19 (1983) 810-817.

Crossreff

D.D. Joseph: Fluid dynamics of viscoelastic liquids, Springer Verlag, New York Berlin Heidelberg London Paris Tokyo Hong Kong, 1990.

R.M. Christensen: Theory of viscoelasticity, Academic Press, New York London, 1971.

A.G. Turner: Heat and concentration waves, Academic Press, New York, 1972.

S.H. Davis: J Appl Mech, 50 (1993) 977-982.

Crossreff

T.D. Gurkov, B. Nenova, E.K. Kostova, W. Gashler In: P. Kralchevsky, R. Miller, F. Ravera (Eds.): Colloid and interface chemistry for nanotechnology, CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton London New York, 2014, Ch. 15, p. 351.

D.B. Strukov, G.S. Snider, D.R. Stewart, S.R. Wiliams: Nature, 453 (2008) 80-83.

Crossreff

E.A. Buo: Nonequilibrium quantum transport physics in nanosystems. World Scientific, New Jersey London Singapur Beijing Shanghai Hong Kong Taipei Chennai, 2009.

W. Spisak: Nature, 349 (1991) 23.

Crossreff

E.U. Condon, H. Odishaw (Eds.): Handbook of Physics. McGraw Hill, New York, 1958.

M.A. Garstens: J Appl Phys, 50 (1957) 352-356.

Crossreff

J.L. Eriksen: Isledovanie po mehanike splosnih sred, Mir, Moscow, 1977. In Russian.

T.P. Andjelic: Tenzorski racun, Naucna Knjiga, Beograd, 1967. In Serbian

M. Plavsic: Mehanika viskoznih fluida, Prirodno Matematicki Fakultet Beograd, Beograd, 1986. In Serbian.

A.M. Spasic, M.P. Lazarevic: J Colloid Interface Sci, 316 (2007) 984-995.

Crossreff

M.P. Lazarevic, A.M. Spasic: Math Comput Mod, 49 (2008) 475-481.

Crossreff

W.I. Orr (Ed.):: Radio handbook, 17th ed., Editors and Engineers-New Augusta: Ltd, New Augusta-Indiana, 1967.

A.M. Spasic, J.M. Jovanovic, M. Jovanovic: Adv Colloid Interface Sci, 174 (2012) 31-49.

Crossreff

R.F. Probstein, Physicochemical Hydrodynamics, Wiley, New York, 1994.

Crossreff

H.R. Kroyt, Colloid Science. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1952.

A.M. Spasic, J.M. Jovanovic, V. Manojlovic, M. Jovanovic: J Colloid Interface Sci, 479 (2016) 165-172.

Crossreff

Published
2020-07-22
Section
Hydrometallurgical operations and processes