Production of sub-micro sized silver particles by chemical reduction method in an environmentally-friendly manner

  • Stevan Dimitrijević University of Belgrade, Innovation Center of Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade, Serbia, Karnegijeva 4, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Michele Miliciani Chimet S.p.A., Arezzo, Italy
  • Silvana Dimitrijević Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor, Bor, Serbia
  • Milisav Ranitović University of Belgrade, Innovation Center of Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade, Serbia, Karnegijeva 4, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Željko Kamberović University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: chemical reduction; submicrometer particles; silver powder; thick film.

Abstract

Silver nitrate in the solution was reduced in the presence of the dispersants by ascorbic acid, and silver particles were generated. The main goal was to examine the influence of different dispersants. The purpose was to improve the production process of the micro-sized silver powder for thick film silver pastes for applications in the photovoltaic sector and the printed electronics. Relatively high concentrations of the reagents were used to achieve a high yield of silver particles. It was a strict request for highly economic production. This paper shows the possibilities for the routes for future large-scale synthesis and potential industrial production. The particles were analyzed by the X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and laser diffraction particle size analyzer.

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Published
2020-07-22
Section
Hydrometallurgical operations and processes