Application of raw volcanic rock found in Etna valley as an adsorbent of chromates, arsenates and selenates

  • Mladen Dobrivoje Bugarčić Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials
  • Milan Milivojević University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, 4 Karnegijeva Street, Belgrade
  • Aleksandar Marinković University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, 4 Karnegijeva Street, Belgrade
  • Branislav Marković Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials
  • Miroslav Sokić Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials
  • Nela Petronijević Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials
  • Jovica Stojanović Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials
Keywords: adsorption, anionic heavy metals, volcanic rock, Etna.

Abstract

This paper aims to determine the potential of volcanic rock found in Etna valley as an adsorbent of heavy metals in anionic form (chromates, arsenates, and selenates). Characterization of the volcanic rock was done with chemical methods (AAS, AES, gravimetric analysis, XRF), physicochemical methods (XRD, FTIR, SEM, DTA, DTG) and physical methods (porosity measurement, Microscopy in transmitted light). Also, equilibrium adsorption capacity was determined. All the results of adsorption capacity were satisfying considering the mineral composition, granulation, and porosity. The removal efficiency of chromates was the biggest (above 30 %) with adsorption capacity of 15.6 mg Cr g-1. The lowest adsorption efficiency was with the selenates, approximately 18 %.

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Published
2018-07-02
Section
Full length research papers