DOI: https://doi.org/10.30544/327

Synthesis of ascorbic acid enhanced TiO2 photocatalyst: its characterization and catalytic activity in CO2 photoreduction

Mohd Farid Bin Mohd Na'aim, Raihan Mahirah Binti Ramli, Noor Asmawati Binti Mohd Zabidi

Abstract


To date, the development of solar environmental remediation has shifted more emphasis on the green and simple synthesis of catalyst for CO2 photocatalysis process. Herein, TiO2 photocatalyst was successfully synthesized via hydrothermal method. The effects of the different molar ratio of ascorbic acid C6H8O6, (AA) added during the preparation of TiO2 nanoparticles were comprehensively studied. The characterization of TiO2 nanocrystals was performed via XRD, XPS, DRUV-vis, and FTIR. The results show the AA loading into TiO2 nanoparticles significantly intensified the XRD spectra of anatase structure. In fact, this feature had signified a reactivity of the photocatalyst in the visible region. In an instance, BET surface area was also enhanced with the highest recorded value of 135.14 m2/g for 0.8AA. Meanwhile, the CO2 photoreduction over synthesized TiO2 had produced the highest amount of HCOOH at 39.3 μmol/g cat for 0.8AA within 6 hours of reaction time. Furthermore, the DRUV-vis analysis had illustrated better light absorption ability of 0.8AA. This profound finding is attributed to the correlation between large surface area, pure anatase phase, and high adsorbed water molecules. Therefore, this study had significantly demonstrated the potential of modified TiO2 with AA in CO2 photocatalysis area while simultaneously presents a green and simple method for TiO2 synthesis.


Keywords


CO2 photoreduction; TiO2; ascorbic acid; hydrothermal

Full Text:

HTML/PDF

References


J. Mao, L. Ye, K. Li, X. Zhang, J. Liu, T. Peng, L. Zan: Appl Catal B Environ, 144 (2014) 855–862.

Crossref

E. Karamian, S. Sharifnia: J CO2 Util, 16 (2016) 194–203.

Crossref

H. Abdullah, M. M. R. Khan, H. R. Ong, Z. Yaakob: J CO2 Util, 22 (2017) 15–32.

Crossref

Z. Xiong, Z. Lei, X. Chen, B. Gong, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, C. Zheng, J. C. S. Wu: Catal Commun, 96 (2017) 1–5.

Crossref

M. A. Mohamed, W. N. Wan Salleh, J. Jaafar, M. S. Rosmi, Z. A. Mohd. Hir, M. Abd Mutalib, A. F. Ismail, M. Tanemura: Appl Surf Sci, 393 (2017) 46–59.

Crossref

D. O. Adekoya, M. Tahir, N. A. S. Amin: J CO2 Util, 18 (2017) 261–274.

Crossref

H. Zhao, J. Xu, L. Liu, G. Rao, C. Zhao, Y. Li: J CO2 Util, 15 (2016) 15–23.

Crossref

H. Zhao, F. Pan, Y. Li: J Materiomics, 3 (2017) 17–32.

Crossref

K. Li, X. An, K. H. Park, M. Khraisheh, J. Tang: Catal Today, 224 (2014) 3–12.

Crossref

Q. Zhang, C. F. Lin, B. Y. Chen, T. Ouyang, C. T. Chang: Environ Sci Technol, 49 (2015) 2405–2417.

Crossref

Z. He, J. Tang, J. Shen, J. Chen, S. Song: Appl Surf Sci, 364 (2016) 416–427.

Crossref

J. Zhang, H. Yang, G. Shen, P. Cheng, J. Zhang, S. Guo: Chem Commun, 46 (2010) 1112–1114.

Crossref

X. Zhu, Q. Liu, X. Zhu, C. Li, M. Xu, Y. Liang: Int J Electrochem Sci, 7 (2012) 5172–5184.

Link

H. T. Ren, S. Y. Jia, S. H. Wu, Y. Liu, X. Han: Mater Lett, 101 (2013) 69–71.

Crossref

M. Wajid Shah, Y. Zhu, X. Fan, J. Zhao, Y. Li, S. Asim, C. Wang: Sci Rep, 5 (2015) 1–8.

Crossref

S. Tada, F. Watanabe, K. Kiyota, N. Shimoda, R. Hayashi, M. Takahashi, A. Nariyuki, A. Igarashi, S. Satokawa: J Catal, 351 (2017) 107–118.

Crossref

V. Likodimos, A. Chrysi, M. Calamiotou, C. Fernández-Rodríguez, J. M. Dona-Rodríguez, D. D. Dionysiou, P. Falaras: Appl Catal B Environ, 192 (2016) 242–252.

Crossref

M. Dimitrov, R. Ivanova, N. Velinov, J. Henych, M. Slušná, V. Štengl, I. Mitov: Nano-Structures & Nano-Objects, 7 (2016) 53–63.

Crossref

A. A. Ismail, R. A. Geioushy, H. Bouzid, S. A. Al-Sayari, A. Al-Hajry, D. W. Bahnemann: Appl Catal B Environ, 129 (2013) 62–70.

Crossref

L.-L. Tan, W.-J. Ong, S.-P. Chai, B. T. Goh, A. R. Mohamed: Appl Catal B Environ, 179 (2015) 160–170.

Crossref

Z. Li, X. Cao, C. Ma, R. Gao, T. Sun, C. Li: Mater Lett, 184 (2016) 123–126.

Crossref

H. M. Yadav, J. Kim: J Alloys Compd, 688 (2016) 123–129.

Crossref

C. Y. Tsai, C. W. Liu, Y. H. Chan, T. Y. Chang, B. C. Chen, H. C. His: Catal Today, 297 (2017) 113–123.

Crossref

R. Fagan, D. W. Synnott, D. E. McCormack, S. C. Pillai: Appl Surf Sci, 371 (2016) 447–452.

Crossref

A. León, P. Reuquen, C. Garín, R. Segura, P. Vargas, P. Zapata, P. Orihuela: Appl Sci, 7 (2017) 1–9.

Crossref

M. Bagher, Z. Tavakoli, M. Seifi, M. B. Askari, Z. Tavakoli Banizi, M. Seifi, S. Bagheri Dehaghi, P. Veisi: Optik (Stuttg), 149 (2017) 447–454.

Crossref

M. Inada, K. Iwamoto, N. Enomoto, J. Hojo: J Ceram Soc Japan, 119 (2011) 451–455.

Crossref

K. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, Y. Jiang, R. Li, H. Tang, X. Yang: Ceram Int, 40 (2014) 16817–16823.

Crossref

E. a. Sosnov, K. L. Vasil'eva, A. A. Malkov: Russ J Phys Chem A, 84 (2010) 1028–1032.

Crossref

L. Liu, D. T. Pitts, H. Zhao, C. Zhao, Y. Li: Appl Catal A Gen, 467 (2013) 474–482.

Crossref

M. Thommes, K. Kaneko, A. V Neimark, J. P. Olivier, F. Rodriguez-reinoso, J. Rouquerol, K. S. W. Sing: IUPAC Technical Report (2015).

Crossref

M. C. Biesinger, L. W. M. Lau, A. R. Gerson, R. S. C. Smart: Appl Surf Sci, 257 (2010) 887–898.

Crossref

S. K. Warkhade, G. S. Gaikwad, S. P. Zodape, U. Pratap, A. V Maldhure: Mater Sci Semicond Process, 63 (2017) 18–24.

Crossref

M. Park, B. S. Kwak, S. W. Jo, M. Kang: Energy Convers Manag, 103 (2015) 431–438.

Crossref

M. Tahir, B. Tahir: Appl Surf Sci, 377 (2016) 244–252.

Crossref

M. Tahir, B. Tahir, N. A. S. Amin, Z. Y. Zakaria: J CO2 Util, 18 (2017) 250–260.

Crossref

A. Dolgonos, T. O. Mason, K. R. Poeppelmeier: J Solid State Chem, 240 (2016) 43–48.

Crossref

K. A. Ali, A. Z. Abdullah, A. R. Mohamed: Appl Catal A Gen, 537 (2017) 111–120.

Crossref

N. Sangiorgi, L. Aversa, R. Tatti, R. Verucchi, A. Sanson: Opt Mater (Amst), 64 (2017) 18–25.

Crossref

L. Cano-Casanova, A. Amorós-Pérez, M. Ouzzine, M. A. Lillo-Ródenas, M. C. Román-Martínez: Appl Catal B Environ, 220 (2018) 645–653.

Crossref

J. Low, B. Cheng, J. Yu: Appl Surf Sci, 392 (2017) 658–686.

Crossref

L. Liu, Y. Li: Aerosol Air Qual Res, 14 (2014) 453–469.

Crossref

Y. Sohn, W. Huang, F. Taghipour: Appl Surf Sci, 396 (2017) 1696–1711.

Crossref


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Metall Mater Eng   ISSN: 2217-8961

Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.