Effect of reagent type on the froth floatation of Sokoto phosphate ore
Keywords:Sokoto phosphate rock, beneficiation, deposit, 704 (fatty Acid), Flotation, Alkyl Hydroxamates, Melamine.
AbstractEffect of reagent type on the froth floatation of Sokoto phosphate ore for its beneficiation has been established. The samples of the Sokoto phosphate mineral ore used for the research work were sourced from mining locations in Dange-Shuni, Bodinga, Yabo, Wurno, and Rabbah Local Government Areas of Sokoto State. Size-Assay analysis conducted on scrubbed Sokoto Phosphates nodules revealed that nodules had a size distribution with 80% passing 29.3 mm. Flotation Tests using AERO704 (fatty Acid), Alkyl Hydroxamates, Melamine as collectors (alone or mixed with diesel), MIBC as frother, Calcium Hydroxide and Sulphuric Acid as pH regulators and Dextrin, Sodium Silicate and Aluminium Chloride as depressants produced poor P2O5 separation in the flotation products due to very poor liberation associated with very fine mineral grains. Based on the results obtained, AERO704 Collector gave the best result with aP2O5 recovery pH of 10.
Food and Agriculture Organization. Use of Phosphate Rock for Sustainable Agriculture, Pp 54. 2002.
Raw Materials and Development Council. Technical Brief on Mineral Raw Materials in Nigeria, Revised Edition, ISBN 978-8070-15-9. 2009.
Zhang P. An Investigation of Flotation Reagents, FIPR 97-02-125,
Weiss, N.L., Mineral Processing Handbook, American Institute of Mining Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineering Incorporated in the United States of America, Kings Port Press, Pp 5/72 - 5/79; 21/1 - 21/17. 1985.
Carr D. D. Industrial Minerals and Rocks, Society of Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration Inc, Pp751 - 764. 1994.
Encyclopedia Britanica . www.britanica.com /EBchecked/topic/457399 /phosphatemineral, accessed 28/6/2010
Fuerstenau C. M. and Han N. K. Principles of Mineral Processing, Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, U. S. A., PP245 - 306. 2003.
Gruber G., Pilot Plant Demonstration of Anionic Rougher - Cleaner Flotation on Florida Phosphate, Final Report 02-151-200, FIPR 01-02-151, www.fipr.state.fl.us/FIPRreport2003/recently-completed-contracts-beneficiation.htm (Accessed 28/6/2010). 2003.
GSD. Geological Survey Report on Sokoto Phosphate Deposit, Dange- Shuni LGA, unpublished. 1991.
Gupta and Yan. Mineral Processing Design and Operations, PP555 - 621. 2006.
Jones, M. P. Applied Mineralogy, A quantitative Approach, pp 13 - 69, 150 -176. 1987.
Miller J. D. A Selective Collector for Phosphate Flotation, Final Report 02-142-187, FIPR 00-02-142, 2003. www.fipr.state.fl.us/FIPRreport2003/recentlycompleted-contracts-beneficiation.htm , Accessed - 28/6/2010
Mular, L., & Bhappu, R. B., SME Mineral Processing Plant Design, 2nd Edition, Pp113 - 306, 447 - 465. 1980.
Nigerian Mining Corporation. Feasibility Study Report on Sokoto Phosphate Deposit, Dange-Shuni LGA, unpublished. 1991.
Thomas, D.G., and Adewuyi, E.A. Effects of Local Frothers on the Flotation of Toto MuroIron Ore By. Proceedings of the 35th Confer of the Nigerian Society of Chemical Engineers, Pp116-120. 2005.
Thompson P. The Selection of Flotation Reagents via Batch Flotation Test. In: SME Mineral Processing Plant Design, Practice, and Control: Proceedings, Vols. 1, Pp137 - 144. 2002.
Umar, A.H, Characterization and design process flowsheet for the Beneficiation of Sokoto phosphate, Ph.D Thesis, A.B.U., Zaria. 2014.
Wills, B. A. and Napier - Munn, T. J. Mineral Processing Technology, 7th edition Elsevier Science & Technology Books, PP108-117; 267-352; 378-408) 2006.
Yaro, S.A., Development of Process Route for the Beneficiation of MallamAyuba Manganese deposits to Ferromanganese feed grade, Ph.DThesis, A.B.U., Zaria. 1997.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their published articles online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website, social networks like ResearchGate or Academia), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.