A numerical analysis as a good tool for a prediction of final sulphur steel ladle content

  • Z. Slović
  • Lj. Nedeljković
  • K. Raić
  • S. Dević
Keywords: numerical analysis, sulphur prediction, VD degassing, Al-Si killed steels, sulphide capacity


This work presents the industrial results of sulfur level prediction at the end of vacuum degassing (VD) of low carbon Al-Si killed steels. The effect of plant conditions, such as slag chemistry, temperature, oxygen levels of the molten steel, and slag weight on desulphurization was investigated based on the measured results and thermodynamic calculations. The variables which influence steel desulfurization such as the sulfur capacity, the initial sulfur content, and the amount of ladle slag at the end of the VD process are also defined. The desulfurization procedure was numerically analyzed using the results of 31 heats under real plant conditions in which the measured final sulfur content had been reduced to less than of 10 ppm. A method for prediction of the slag amount based on the material balance of sulfur and aluminum is also presented. The values of the sulfur capacity were determined according to the well-known KTH and optical basicity based models. The obtained results of the regression equation show a predictive final sulfur level ability of R=0.911. This was proved as satisfactory.


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