Application of thermal analysis in ferrous and nonferrous foundries
Keywords:ferrous; nonferrous; foundries; thermal analysis.
This paper is devoted to the memory of Professor Ljubomir Nedeljkovic (1933-2020), Head of the Department of Iron and Steel Metallurgy University of Belgrade, Serbia. Assessment of the melt quality is one of the most important casting process parameters, which allowed sound production of intricated cast parts. At the present time, various devices have been applied at foundry floors to control melt quality. Thermal analysis is one of them, widely used for melt quality control in ferrous and non-ferrous casting plants. During solidification, metal and alloys released latent heat, which magnitude is dependent on the type of phases that form during the solidification process. Plotting temperature versus time data during solidification provides useful information related to the actual solidification process. The applied technique is called thermal analysis, whereas the cooling curve is the name of such a plot. The main aim of this paper is to give a short overview of the present thermal analysis application in various foundries and to indicate the future potential use of this technique.
A.Cibula: J Ins Metals, (1949) 312.
P.B. Crossley, L.F. Mondolfo: Modern Casting, 49 (1966) 53-64.
AMS Handbook, Vol. 3., Alloy Phase Diagram, AMS International, 1992 ISBN 0-87170-377-7, Editor Hugh Baker, pp.15-17.
D. M. Stefanescu: Int J Metalcast, 9 (2015) 7-22.
L. Bäckerud et al. "Solidification Characteristics of Aluminum Alloys" Volume 1 to 3, AFS/SKANALUMINIUM, 1986, Oslo.
B. R. Krohn, "Thermal analysis: Metallurgical Thumbprinting", Modern Casting, March 1985, pp.1-7.
J. E. Gruzleski ,B. M. Closset, "The treatment of liquid aluminum-silicon alloys" American Foundryman's Society, Inc. Des Plaines, 1990 Illinois, USA.
N. Tenekedjiev, H. Mulazimoglu, B. Closset and J. Gruzleski, "Microstructures and Thermal Analysis of Strontium-Treated Aluminum-Silicon Alloys", American Foundryman's Society, Inc. Des Plaines, Illinois, USA, 1995, p. 40-41.
L. Ananthanarayanan, and J. E. Gruzleski: AFS Transactions, 141 (1992) 383-391.
D. A. Sparkman: AFS Transactions, 119 (2011) 413-419. Link
W. Baumgart, "Untersuchung des Phasenübergangs von flüssig nach fest am tertiären System Fe-C-Si unter Nichtgleichgewichtsbedingungen," Lehrstuhl für das gesamte Gießereiwesen und Gießerei-Institut der RWTH Aachen, 2013, Aachen - Germany.
H. Beumler, A. Hammerstad, B. Wieting, R DasGupta: AFS Transaction, 54 (1988) 1−12.
M. Garat, G. Laslaz, S. Jacob, P. Meyer, P. H. Guerin, R. Adam: AFS Transactions, 100 (1992): 821-832.
L. Wang, S. Shivkumar: Journal of Materials Science, 30 (1995) 1584-1594.
Heraeus Electro-Nite International, Thermal analysis of cast iron, Link, Accesed 11, 2021.
W.F. Smith: Structure and properties of engineering alloys, 2nd edition ed., McGraw Hill International, 1993, p. 340.
W. Baumgart, J. Cunha and V. Anjos, "Het enten van gietijzer," Gietwerk Perspectief Magazine - No.5, (2010) 5-12.
C. R. Loper, R. W. Heine, A. Shah: AFS Transactions, 75 (1967) 541.
BDG, Gusseisen mit Kugelgraphit: Herstellung - Eigenschaften - Anwendung, Düsseldorf: Bundesverband der Deutschen Gießerei-Industrie, 2007, p. 2.
S. Koriyama, T Kanno, Y. Iwami, I. Kang: International Journal of Metalcasting, 14 (2020) 1-8.
K. Gryc, B. Smetana, M. Tkadleckova, M. Zaludova, L. Sochna, K. Michalek and L. Valek, "Comparison of thermal analysis results with theoretical determination of solidus and liquidus temperatures for specific steel grade", Metal 2013, 15-17 May 2013, Brno, Czech Republic, pp. 1- 6.
A. D. Pelton, "Physical Metallurgy 4th edition, 1996, ISBN 978-0-444-89875-3.
G. Grünbaum et. al., "A guide to the solidification of steels", Jernkontoret Stockholm 1977, ISBN 91-7260-156-6, pp. 1-11.
M. B. Djurdjevic; "Present and future application of the thermal analysis in aluminum casting industry", First Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Congress of South East Europe, 2013, Belgrade, Proceedings and book of abstracts, May 23-25 2013, Belgrade, Serbia, pp.47-62.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Mile B Djurdjevic
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their published articles online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website, social networks like ResearchGate or Academia), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.