Mechanical and electrical properties of ternary Ag-Bi-Ga system at 250 °C
This paper presents a comparative review of the experimental and thermodynamic assessment of a ternary Ag-Bi-Ga system. An isothermal section at 250 °C was calculated using optimized thermodynamic data for the constitutive binaries. Microstructures and phase compositions of studied alloys were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy in combination with energy dispersive spectrometry and X-ray powder diffraction technique. The obtained experimental results were found to support the predicted phase equilibria rather well. The hardness of alloys from three vertical sections (Bi-AgGa, Ag-BiGa, and Ga-AgBi) was determined using Brinell hardness test while the hardness of the individual identified phases was determined using Vickers microhardness test. Additional electrical conductivity measurements were carried out on the same alloy samples. Based on the experimentally obtained results iso-lines of Brinell hardness and electrical conductivity for the entire compositional range were calculated.
D. Minic, M. Premovic, D. Manasijevic, V. Cosovic, D. Zivkovic, A. Markovic: J Alloys Compd, 646 (2015) 461-471. LINK
The periodic table of the elements, LINK , accessed 23.01.2016.
M. Premović, D. Minić, D. Manasijević, Vladan Ćosović, D. Živković, I. Dervišević, N. Talijan: Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.), 27 (2014) 47-54. LINK
D. Minić, M. Premović, D. Manasijević, D. Živković, D. Čikara: Mater Test, 56 (2014) 667-674. LINK
D. Minić, M. Premović, D. Živković, D. Manasijević, M. Dimić, Z. Petrović, S. Marković: Rev Metal, 51 (2015) e042. LINK
G. Garzel, M. Kopyto, L.A.Zabdyr: J Min Metall, Sect B, 50 (2014) 145-148. LINK
I. Ohnuma, R. Kainuma, K. Ishida: J Min Metall, Sect B, 48 (2012) 413-418. LINK
D. Li, S. Delsantea, W. Gong, G. Borzone: Thermochim Acta, 523 (2011) 51-62. LINK
Y. Zhang, J. B. Li, J. K. Liang, Q.L. Liu, Y. G. Xiao, Q. Zhang, G. H. Rao, C. R. Li: CALPHAD: Comput Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem, 30 (2006) 316-322. LINK
W. Gierlotka, D. Jendrzejczyk-Handzlik: J Alloys Compd, 509 (2011) 38-42. LINK
E. Zoro, C. Servant, B. Legendre: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry 31 (2007) 89-94. LINK
C. Girard: Thesis, University of Provence, Marseille (1985).
W. Cao, S. L. Chen, F. Zhang, K. Wu, Y. Yang, Y. A. Chang, R. Schmid-Fetzer, W.A. Oates: CALPHAD: Comput Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem, 33 (2009) 328-342. LINK
A. Dinsdale, A. Watson, A. Kroupa, J. Vrestal, A. Zemanova, J. Vizdal: COST Action 531-Atlas of Phase Diagrams for Lead-Free Soldering, COST Office, Brussels (2008).
A. Dinsdale, A. Kroupa, A. Watson, J. Vrestal, A. Zemanova, P. Broz, COST Action 602-Handbook of High-temperature Lead-free Solders: Atlas of Phase Diagrams, COST Office, Brussels (2012).
R. A. Robinson, A. Purwanto, M. Koghi, P. C. Canfield, T. Kamiyama, T. Ishigaki, J. W. Lynn, R. Erwin, E. Peterson, R. Movshovich: Phys Rev B, 50 (1994) 9595-9598. LINK
A. E. Gunnaes, A. Olsen, P.T. Zagierski, B. Klewe, O.B. Karlsen, A. Aasen: Z Kristallogr, 213 (1998) 639-644.
X. S. Yan, P. Lin, X. Qi, L. Yang: Int J Mater Res, 102 (2011) 381-388. LINK
Hardness - Brinell: periodicity, LINK , accessed 24.01.2016.
Cornell: Experiments with Mixtures,3rd Ed., John Wiley&Sons, Inc, New York (2002)
Ž. Lazić, Design of Experiments in Chemical Engineering, Wilez-VCH Verlag GmbH&Co.KGaA, Weiheim (2004).
M. Kolarević, M. Vukićević, B. Radičević, M. Bjelić, V. Grković, A methodology for forming the regression model of ternary system, Faculty Of Mechanical Engineering, The Seventh Triennial International Conference Heavy Machinery HM 2011, Vrnjačka Banja (2011) 1-6.
Electrical Conductivity of the elements, LINK , accessed 24.01.2016.
M. Premović, D. Minić, I. Manasijević, D. Živković: Mater Test, 57 (2015) 883-888. LINK
D. Minić, M. Premović, M. Kolarević, V. Ćosović, D. Manasijević, D. Živković: J Mater Eng Perform, 22 (2013) 2343-2350
Copyright (c) 2017 Duško Minić, Dragan Manasijević, Yong Du, Pavel Brož, Vladan Ćosović, Aleksandar Djordjević, Milena Premovic
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their published articles online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website, social networks like ResearchGate or Academia), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.