Creation of Ni-B/Ni-P electroless coating on the WC particles without surface activator

Ali Mahtab, Kamran Amini, Nader Mohammadian, Syed Amirhosein Emami, Mohammad Hosein Bina

Abstract


One of the methods for improving metal-ceramic interface and suppression of agglomeration is the formation of a monolayer electroless coating on the particles. Investigations indicated that Ni-B monolayers should be first formed to develop in the next process an electroless Ni–P coating with the morphology of cauliflower. It was possible to produce a Ni-B layer on WC particles when a bath was heated at a temperature of 95 °C by using sodium borohydride and an appropriate stabilizer. Following this process, the Ni–P electroless coating was deposited on WC particles at 85 °C. In this way, two layers of electroless coating of Ni–B/Ni–P on the WC ceramic particles without using the surface activator were produced successfully. The coating morphology and surface analysis were performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The results showed that only the degreasing with acetone as a surface preparation of ceramic particles is sufficient to make a Ni–P or Ni–B coating. Electroless Ni–B coating with appropriate adhesion to the surface produces an acceptable surface for the electroless Ni – P coating formation.


Keywords


Ni–B/Ni–P; Coatings, Electroless; WC particles; No surface activator.

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Metall Mater Eng   ISSN: 2217-8961

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