Synergy of energy resources of copper pyrometallurgy in RTB Bor-Serbia


  • Milorad č†irković
  • Vlastimir Trujić
  • Mile Bugarin


Synergy, copper, pyrometallurgy,


Copper production is a significant consumer of energy, consisting of almost all fossil fuels, and also including electricity. This work presents a comparison of the specific energy consumption of several metallurgical copper producers in the world, with the installed different technological processes, in comparison to the production of copper in RTB Bor (Serbia). An important place is dedicated to the quantitative participation of energy fuels in the production of copper. In addition to this, an analysis of cost structure for energy fuels was shown in the production process of copper. This work particularly emphasizes the aspect of use the secondary (waste) heat energy as a prerequisite to improve the energy efficiency and economy of pyrometallurgical copper production. Using the waste heat of pyrometallurgical process, the protection of working and life environment is improved Selection and development of new metallurgical processes in order to achieve the best economic effects is achieved selecting the optimum technology, on one side, and selection of energy system with the best performances with the full utilization the secondary heat energy of the process. Concretization of this aspect also relates to the modernization of the Copper Smelter in RTB Bor installing the new technology for smelting of copper concentrates.


An Energy Profile of the US Primary Copper Industry Shows Little to Cheer About, Engineering and Mining Journal May 1976, pp. 104-107,

Mitovski, M., Energy Efficiency of Copper Production Plant in 2011, Bor, 2012 (in Serbian)

Norgate, T. E. and Rankin, W. J. Life Cycle Assessment of Copper and Nickel Production, Procedings, Minprex 2000 International Conference on Minerals Processing and Metallurgy, pp. 133-138,

Цветные металлы Nо 10/1989. Стр. 16-20,

Akada Akihiko, Effective Energy Utilization on Japanese Copper Smelter, 2004,

Andrzej Warczok and Gabriel Riveros, Energy in Batch, Continuous and One-step Copper Pyrometallurgical Processes, Universidad de Chile, Facultad de ciencias fizicas y matematikas,

Jan Johansson, President and CEO, Market Analysis, New Boliden, 2004,

Charles H. Pitt and Milton E. Wadstworth, An Assessment of Energy Requirements in Proven and New Copper Processes, Report Prepared for the US Department of Energy Contract No. EM-78-S-07-1743,

Norgate, T.E. and Lovel, R.R., Report DMR 2505-Water Use in Metal Production: A Life Cycle Perspective, CSIRO Minerals September 2004,

Philip Arthur, Britt Bulter, James Edwards, Chris Fountain, Simon Hunt and Jorma Tuppurainen, The ISASMELTTM Process-an Example of Successful Industrial R&D, Paper Presented at Yazawa Symposium San Diego, March 2003,

Mitovski, M., Mitovski, A., Energy in Pyrometallurgical Copper Extraction, Tehnika 62(2011)5, pp. 737-746 (in Serbian)

John, O. Marsden, P.E., Energy efficiency and Copper Hydrometallurgy, Hydrometallurgy 2008: Proceeding of the Sixth International Szmposium By Courtney A. Young, pp. 29-43,

Carlos M. Diaz, Copper Sulphide Smelting: Past Achievements and Current Challenges, World of metallurgy- ERZMETALL 63 (2010) No. 3,

Schlesinger, M. E., King, M. J., Sole, K. C., Davenport, W. G., Extractive Metallurgy of Copper, Fifth Edition, Elsevier 2011,

Copper, Technology & Competitiveness OTA-E-367, Congress of the United States Office of Technology Assessment, Washington, 1988,

Marson, J.O. Keynote Address: Lessons Learned From the Copper Industry Applied to Gold Extraction. World Gold Conference 2009, The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy,

Mitovski, M. , Usage of Secondary Energy Upon Construction the New “Smelterâ€, Bor 2011 (in Serbian),

Mitovski, M. and Mitovski, A., Impact ofCopper Production on the Effect of “Greenhouse†and “Acid Rainâ€, Copper, 35(2010) 2, pp. 11-24 (in Serbian),

Mitovski, M. and Іirković, M., Energy in Copper Metallurgy, Copper Institute Bor, 2007 (in Serbian),, JS/MB September 17th 2008.


How to Cite

č†irković, Milorad, Vlastimir Trujić, and Mile Bugarin. 2014. “Synergy of Energy Resources of Copper Pyrometallurgy in RTB Bor-Serbia”. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering 20 (4):261-74.