Increasing Surface Hardness and Corrosion Resistance of AISI 410 Stainless Steel by Forming a Diamond-Like Carbon Thin Film


  • Agung Setyo Darmawan Mechanical Engineering Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Agus Yulianto Mechanical Engineering Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Bambang Waluyo Febriantoko Mechanical Engineering Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Bibit Sugito Mechanical Engineering Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Suprapto Center for Accelerator Technology and Materials Process, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia
  • Tjipto Sujitno National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN)Center for Accelerator Technology and Materials Process, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia
  • Turnad Lenggo Ginta Research Center for Manufacture and Industrial Process Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Indonesia
  • Abdul Hamid Technology Education Department, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia



AISI 410, Corrosion, Hardness, PVCD


AISI 410 stainless steel plays an important role in many engineering fields. The annealing process of this material will increase toughness. But this process will also reduce the hardness of the material. Plasma chemical vapor deposition was carried out to increase the surface hardness and corrosion resistance of AISI 410 stainless steel. In this study, the raw material was tested for metallography, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Then an annealing process was carried out on the raw material. The annealed material was also observed for metallography, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Furthermore, on the annealed material, the plasma chemical vapor deposition process was carried out with pressure variations of 1.0, 1.2, 1.4, and 1.6 mbar. Next, the material was tested for metallography with a scanning electron microscope to measure the layer thickness. The formation of diamond-like carbon was confirmed by the Raman Spectroscopy test. Annealed followed by plasma chemical vapor deposition processed AISI 410 stainless steel also tested for hardness and corrosion. The results showed that the annealed AISI 410 stainless steel underwent a phase change from martensite and retained austenite to ferrite and pearlite. The annealed raw material experienced a decrease in hardness and corrosion rate. After the annealed material was processed by plasma chemical vapor deposition, The thickness of the surface layer increased with increasing pressure. Along with that, the hardness and corrosion resistance increased.


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How to Cite

Darmawan, Agung Setyo, Agus Yulianto, Bambang Waluyo Febriantoko, Bibit Sugito, Suprapto, Tjipto Sujitno, Turnad Lenggo Ginta, and Abdul Hamid. 2024. “Increasing Surface Hardness and Corrosion Resistance of AISI 410 Stainless Steel by Forming a Diamond-Like Carbon Thin Film”. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering 30 (2):43-56.