Prediction of Impact Strength of TIG Welded Cr-Mo Steel Using Artificial Neural Networks


  • Reuben Adewuyi 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Jacob Aweda Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Faith Ogunwoye Department of Mechanical Engineering, First Technical University, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Peter Omoniyi Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Tien-Chien Jen Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa



Cr-Mo steel bar, Taguchi, TIG, welding parameters, Weld joint


Welding is a critical and energy-intensive process with significant importance in the manufacturing industry, enabling the creation of joints capable of withstanding diverse loads without failure. Accurate prediction of welding parameters' effects on the thermal cycle and strength of metals during and after welding is essential to ensure the reliability of welds. This study investigates the influence of welding parameters such as welding current, material thickness, number of weld passes, and electrode diameter on the impact strength of Cr-Mo steel bars. Pure tungsten with 2% thoriated Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) electrodes was used to join the metal sheets autogenously. Artificial neural network (ANN) was used in creating the model that predicts the impact strength of the steel. Sample with welding parameters of 15 mm thickness, 90 A current, 3 weld passes, and Ø2.4 mm electrode size exhibited the highest impact strength. Furthermore, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) results show that the material thickness and number of weld passes contribute significantly to the impact strength of the steel. The ANN model trained by the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm had an average training dataset root mean square error (RSME) of 4.12%. This study contributes to the reliability and performance of welded joints in various applications.


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How to Cite

Adewuyi, Reuben, Jacob Aweda, Faith Ogunwoye, Peter Omoniyi, and Tien-Chien Jen. 2023. “Prediction of Impact Strength of TIG Welded Cr-Mo Steel Using Artificial Neural Networks”. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering 30 (1):61-69.



Modeling and simulation in metallurgical and materials engineering